District Profile

District Sonebhadra is one of the largest district of the Uttar Pradesh with the total geographical area of 680961 hectare out of which 79937 hectare is net sown area. The district is situated in south eastern part of the state. It lies between 23.520 to 25.320 northern latitude and between 82.720 to 83.330 eastern longitude. The district is surrounded by district Chandauli, Varanasi part of Mirzapur district in north and bordered by state of Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh in the south, state of Bihar, Jharkhand and part of Chattisgarh are in the east, while state of Madhya Pradesh is in the west.

On the basis of its topography, soil, micro-climate, the district has 4 distinct characters viz. the northern part of the district which is plains of Ganga, Son, Karmnasa and Belan rivers; the southern part of the district is plateau region transected by Son, Renu, Bihul and Kanhar rivers, eastern part is plain land of Belan and Karmanasa rivers while western part is also plain region of Belan river.

The district consists of three sub division (Tehsil) and 8 blocks with headquarter at Robertsganj. There are 67 Nayaya Panchyat, 501 Gram panchayat and 1443 revenue village in the district.

As per the census 2001, the total population of the district is 15.05 Lac comprising of 7.92 lac males and 7.13 lac females. Out of the total population, 82% population is residing in rural areas and 18% in Urban areas. The schedule cast and scheduled tribe population of the district is 625555 (41.56%) and 493 (0.00033%) respectively. Average literacy percent in the district is 49.32%. There are 167252 land holdings which cover about 231899 hectare of land. Out of total land holdings 135855 (about 81%) are less than two hectares while only 12624 (0.08%) are above four hectares.

The district is characterized by warm and humid climate from June to September and dry and cool weather from October to February-March. April to June are characterized by hot winds. The mean maximum & minimum temperature recorded in the past are 45.80c and 2.80c respectively. The average rainfall received in the district in last five year was much below from the normal average of 997mm.

Sonebhadra district is very rich in forest vegetation which has very good bio diversity. The forest in the district is spread over 333608 hectare which is approximately 49.09% of total geographical area but the actual forest cover is only 36.50% of total geographical area, which is very rich in Medicinal plant and forest biodiversity.

The major cropping system of the district is Rice-Wheat. The major crops of the district are Paddy, Wheat, Arhar, Gram, Lentil, Lineseed, Sesamum, Pea and Vegetables like Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli, Cucurbits and broad beans. The cattle breeds are mostly non-descriptive with low milk productivity. Goat & sheep are other domestic animals dominant in district. The lack of irrigation facilities is one of the major factors affecting production and productivity of crops in this district. Major source of irrigation is canal supplying water from the reservoirs after storing rain water. This water is not sufficient for providing irrigation to Kharif and Rabi season crops. Management of red, black soils with shallow depth and rocky nature located in undulated terrain is another problem of the district.


District Profile

Geographical Location
Longitude 82.72 & 83.33 East
Latitude 23.52 & 25.32 North
Geographical Area 6788.0 sq Km
Average Height from Sea Level 285 feet
Average Rainfall 1036.6 mm
Temperature (In degree centigrade)
In Summer 10 - 45
In Winter 8 - 25
Population
Male 7,71,817
Female 6,91,651
Total 14,63,468
Literacy
Male 51.31%
Female 27.09%
Total 39.86%
Number of Tehsils 3
Number of Blocks 8
Total Nyay Panchayat 66
Total Gram Sabha 489
Total Number of Villages 1426
Number of Police Stations 16
Post Offices 137
Nationalised Banks 53
Small Scale Industries 3097
Education
Junior Basic School 1069
Senior Basic School 155
Higher Secondary School 40
Degree College 4
Hospitals
Allopathic 17
Ayurvedic 19
Homeopathic 22
Unani 1
Special Hospitals
T.B. 1
Leprosy 2
Primary Health Centres 31
Family Welfare Centres 11
Electrified Villages 717
Theatres 7
Scheduled Tribe Population 385018

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Qt) Productivity (Qt /ha)
1 Paddy 30582 34408 10.27
2 Wheat 56692 107924 19.04
3 Barley 7130 6045 8.48
4 Jowar 2805 1624 5.79
5 Bajara 366 387 10.57
6 Maize 14450 11430 7.91
7 Sawa 5701 2189 3.84
8 Kondo 4273 1235 2.89
9 Urd 2461 914 3.71
10 Moong 25 10 4.00
11 Lentil 8059 6641 8.24
12 Gram 8806 8640 9.81
13 Pea 3698 3239 8.76
14 Arhar 15227 5818 3.82
15 Mustard/Toria 2901 1714 5.91
16 Linseed 5701 1693 2.97
17 Sesamum 4614 655 1.42
18 Potato 828 12515 151.14

Annual Weather Data

Average Annual Rainfall (mm) Average Temperature C Average Relative Humidity (%)
1035 Maximum : 49.8
Minimum : 2.8

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle
Crossbred 966 Not Available Not Available
Indigenous 89644
Buffalo 44375
Sheep
Crossbred
Indigenous 24048
Goats 242460
Pigs
Crossbred
Indigenous
Rabbits
Poultry
Hens 561977
Desi
Improved
Ducks
Turkey and others 6333

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

S.N. Population Production Productivity
1 Seed production of paddy 18 Before (Rs/ unit) : 25000
After (Rs/unit) : 28500
2 Seed production of pulses 12 Before (Rs/ unit) : 37500
After (Rs/unit) : 42300
3 Seed production of oilseed 35 Before (Rs/ unit) : 15500
After (Rs/unit) : 19250
4 Zero tillage technology 20 Before (Rs/ unit) : 15000
After (Rs/unit) : 18700
5 Seed production of vegetables 8 Before (Rs/ unit) : 12400
After (Rs/unit) : 16800
6 Agrotechniques for tomato cultivation 24 Before (Rs/ unit) : 22500
After (Rs/unit) : 31250
7 Agrotechniques for kharif onion cultivation 3 Before (Rs/ unit) : 35000
After (Rs/unit) : 63000
8 Use of biofertilizers in different crops 40 Before (Rs/ unit) : 14200
After (Rs/unit) : 15800
9 Vegetable nursery production 16 Before (Rs/ unit) : 8250
After (Rs/unit) : 9600
10 Balance feeding of milch animals 22 Before (Rs/ unit) : 2535
After (Rs/unit) : 3130
11 Poultry farming 25 Before (Rs/ unit) : 3500
After (Rs/unit) : 4890
12 Breed improvement in goatary 4 Before (Rs/ unit) : 2300
After (Rs/unit) : 2300
13 Control of pod borer in gram 17 Before (Rs/ unit) : 6150
After (Rs/unit) : 8780
14 Control of aphids in mustard 15 Before (Rs/ unit) : 4570
After (Rs/unit) : 5350
15 IPM in tomato 10 Before (Rs/ unit) : 15750
After (Rs/unit) : 20600
16 Cultivation of aswagandha 6 Before (Rs/ unit) : 5137
After (Rs/unit) : 6618
17 Nursery of forest species 5 Before (Rs/ unit) : 2500
After (Rs/unit) : 4200
18 Bee keeping 2 Before (Rs/ unit) :
After (Rs/unit) : 8500